Bandung (/ˈbændʊŋ/ or /ˈbɑːndʊŋ/) (Indonesian:Kota Bandung) (Dutch:Bandoeng) is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and the country's third largest city by population, with a population of over 2,4 million in the city itself, while its sprawling built-up (or metro) area made of 2 municipalities and 38 districts had a population of 6,965,655 inhabitants at the 2010 census. Located 768 metres (2,520ft) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) south east of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler temperatures year-round than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topography provides a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung.
The Dutch colonials first established tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, and a road was constructed to connect the plantation area to the capital (180 kilometres (112 miles) to the northwest). The Dutch inhabitants of the city demanded establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906, and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened, hence the city was nicknamed Parijs van Java (Dutch:"The Paris of Java").
In the Malay language, the term bandung means "pairs", while sirap means syrup and air means "water". More broadly, bandung refers to anything that is mixed from other ingredients or comes in pairs, such as the term rumah berbandung to refer to a semi-detached house.
Despite the name, there is no connection to the city of Bandung in Indonesia, and the drink actually cannot be found there.
Arguably the most comprehensive engagements with urban space have taken place in Bandung, where the local art communities Video Lab and Common Room are based ... Common Room is a pioneer in using contemporary and popular art as a means to improve the quality of urban life and infrastructure in Bandung and Indonesia more generally.
... on the play, which was staged in Bandung, Jakarta and Bali ... While Tisna Sanjaya staged his performance art in the State Library forecourt, footage of his extraordinary environmental activism art works in Bandung played inside the Library, but the screening was poorly executed.
... Arts Centre’s Hamer Hall ... Tisna Sanjaya and other Bandung artists created a performance art event outside the State Library of Victoria, and video and installation art works by Dadang Christanto and Melati Suryodarmo were included in an exhibition entitled Political Acts.